Gopher Utility Services
1511 N. Main Street
P.O. Box 965
Kannapolis, NC 28082-0965
Today's drinking water wells that provide potable well water, constructed by modern water well drilling equipment, is a historically recent development when considering the oldest water well was found in an Israel settlement dated from 8100-7500 BC. Most water wells throughout history were dug by pick and shovel and lined with tree bark, wood, stone or brick to prevent the well side walls from caving in.
A water well is defined as an artificial excavation or structure made by any method such as digging, driving, boring, or drilling for the purposes of withdrawing water from underground aquifers also know as ground water. A water well must be deep enough to reach the saturated rocks or sediments in the aquifer. Water wells typically range from 20 to 600 feet , but in some areas can go deeper than 3,000 feet. The average well depth in the Charlotte, NC and Piedmont area, in general, is 300-400 feet.
EPA regulates public water systems(tap water); it does not have the authority to regulate private drinking water wells. Public water supplies have been regulated far longer than private water supplies, principally to ensure that the water provided by them meets appropriate water quality standards. Approximately 15 percent of Americans rely on their own private drinking water supplies, and these supplies are not subject to EPA standards, although some state and local governments do set rules to protect users of these wells.
Groundwater is water located beneath the ground surface in cracks, soil pore spaces and in the fractures of rock formations, similar to water saturating a sponge. An aquifer is a layer of relatively porous substrate that contains and transmits this ground water.These aquifers are our primary source of drinking water. Water wells tap this aquifer to provide our usually potable drinking water. The depth to water of the upper most layer of ground that is saturated with water defines the water table. The depth of this underground water layer may vary depending on the season and rainfall received in the area.
Gopher Utility Company, a well drilling company located it the Charlotte, NC area has a proud heritage of water well drillers going back generations of drilling contractors providing water well drilling services to the North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee, Georgia, and Florida. Additionally, Gopher Utility Services has the experience and licenses to provide entire water systems and wastewater systems for home water well service to industrial/municipal contracted services, to include our own Brand of SCADA instrumentation, KANTROL. ...continued water-well-drilling
Water well pump installation and repair is a specialty of Gopher Utility Services, both new well pump installation and repair of older water pumps. After the well hole is drilled, the heart of each water well system is a water pump, and the most common types of water pumps are jet pumps and submersible pumps. Depending on how deep you must drill to reach the water table will determine the type of pump you will need. Shallow well pumps are limited to depths of approximately 25 feet maximum due to the physical design and limitations of the well pump system, usually jet pumps. Wells deeper than 25 feet require a different water pumping system to extract water from the underground aquifer. Jet pumps can be used with adaptations but most frequently a submersible pump system is used. ... continued well pump
Filter your well water? Yes, well water filtration is the necesary first step in assuring clean, fresh, potable water is supplied to your whole house water system. Of course you had your water professionally tested to find out what is actually in your well water. Lets assume first that your well water is not contaminated with heavy concentrations of iron, arsenic, radioactive elements or pesticide residue. We'll introduce filtration methods for those contaminates later in this article. So , with a "normal" well water analysis, we have calcium, magnesium, and a host of elemental trace elements, none of which is cause for alarm.I'm sure you've heard of "hard water" and "soft water". Hard water is a type of water that has high mineral content, primarily consisting of calcium and magnesium. Additionally aluminum, iron, bicarbonates, nitrates, sulfates and manganese may accompany the primary minerals of calcium and magnesium. The more of these minerals the water contains; naturally, the "harder " the water is. This is usually expressed in concentrations of ppm (parts per million). An easy, non analytical test is that soap lathers easily in soft water but not in hard water. Now these minerals are disolved in the water but our first concern is to make sure the water that is extracted from our well does not contain particulates like sand, rock particles etc. which could play havoc with our pump. At the bottom of our well casing most water wells have a well screen installed to prevent sand, rocks etc from entering the pumped water. These well screens are generally designed as one of three categories: continuous slot, machined slot or perforated. The screens are classified by the opening size in the screens. Depending on the nature of your well, your well drilling contractor will provide the correct screen type to based on examination and analysis of the cuttings from the borehole. To aid in the filtration, your well contractor will fill the borehole surrounding the well screen with a filter pack of course sand or graded gravel helping to effectively separate the filter screen from the natural aquifer/borehole particules thus increasing the filtration capability and efficiency of the well screen.